Ocimum sanctum, aka o. tenuiflorum. Also called tulasi or holy basil. The type of holy basil sold by Mountain Rose at this time is the “Rama” variety (with green leaves and purple stems), thought to be the strongest type medicinally. Its fragrance somewhat resembles sweet basil, but it is more mint-like with a strong clove note. Used in Indian Ayurvedic medicine for common colds, headaches, stomach disorders, inflammation, heart disease, various forms of poisoning, and malaria. Holy Basil is considered an adaptogen, which means that it assists the body adapt to stress (environmental, physical, or chemical), restore balance in the body, and normalize body functions.